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 HIGHLIGHTS 

Short  Descriptions  of the Amazon Expedition – Macaw Clay Lick – Sandoval Lake 5d/4n

BAHUAJA SONENE
Date Created: July 17, 1996
Area: 537,053.25 hectares enlarged 1,091,146 hectares final surface was established from portions of -Candamo Tambopata Reserve (created in 1992)
When formerly called the National Shrine of the Pampas del Heath (established in 1983)
Placemnt: Tambopata Province department of Madre de Dios, Crabaya, Sandia department of Puno
Ecoregion Selva Selva Alta and Baja palm savanna
OBJECTIVES: Biological Conservation extraordinary diversity of its territory and the protection of ecosystems such as Amazon subtropical, subtropical Yungas and the only existing sample in Peru humid tropical savanna with its flora and fauna
PROTECT SPECIES: It encompasses one of the largest tracts of tropical forests inhabited world, Inside is recorded numerous world records of species of butterflies, birds and insects has the largest colpas Macaw planet, plus healthy population of many species of wildlife threatened or restricted distribution within the eco system savanna palm trees and related species as well as the largest chestnut forests of the country is protected

OVERVIEW:  Amazon Expedition

Expedition in the Amazon of Peru is the tour you will want to visit again.  Tambopata reserve as the reserve center and Sandoval Lake Reserve
Reserve Tambopata is located in the Tambopata river and lake reserve Sandoval is located on l river Madre de dios are very different by the difference of its flora and fauna which inhabit different species according to ecological zones that have been developed from many years ago in all its of its natural species that live there

Introduction:  Amazon Expedition – Macaw Clay Lick
Soil consumption (aka geophagy) is very common among mammals worldwide. A wide variety of mammals eat soil including wild and domestic ungulates, rodents and primates (including humans). In fact there are mammals that eat soil on every continent except Antarctica. Among birds, geophagy is less well known and intensive scientific studies are much less common. Parrots and pigeons are the most common avian soil consumers, but a fair number of game birds (Galliformes) and perching birds (Passeriformes) have also been recorded consuming soil. The common feature of most soil-eating vertebrates is that they feed almost exclusively on plants. As a result you will rarely find wild cats, hawks or other predators eating soil. A wide variety of reasons have been proposed for why animals eat soil. I will focus here on the three most widely accepted theories: grit for grinding food, mineral supplementation and adsorption of dietary toxins. Many birds are known to eat small pebbles or gravel to help them grind the hard seeds in their diet. This includes robins, game birds and others (Best & Gionfriddo 1991). These species ingest relatively large particles (0.5 mm diameter) that remain in the muscular gizzard where grinding occurs.
However the evidence suggests that the parrots and pigeons that I study in Peru do not consume soil as grit because the birds choose the finest clays with particles much too small to aid in grinding (Brightsmith & Aramburú 2004; Gilardi et al. 1999). Another common explanation for why animals consume soil is mineral supplementation. In general nutrients are often in short supply in many ecosystems. In particular sodium is often cited as an important reason why animals eat soils. In fact in temperate areas most geophagy sites are referred to as salt licks. Sodium is scarce in the diets of herbivorous animals because it is found in low concentrations in most plants. In fact many plants
actively avoid uptake of sodium. However sodium is vital for a wide variety of animal functions including maintenance of osmotic balance, nerve transmission etc. For this reason humans and other animals show such strong cravings for sodium and actively seek it out. In Peru studies show that parrots have diets with extremely low concentrations of sodium and that these birds eat the soils with the highest concentrations of sodium (Brightsmith & Aramburú 2004; Gilardi et al. 1999). Most plants contain toxic defense chemicals that function to keep animals from eating them. Many of these toxins are well known to people including caffeine, nicotine, tannins (that make wine and tea taste dry), digitalis, cocaine, opium etc. In high concentrations many plant chemicals can be fatal. Many such compounds occur in the seeds and unripe fruits that make up the bulk of parrot diets. As a result parrots consume a large number of toxic substances each day. Work at UC Davis by James Gilardi has shown that the clays consumed by parrots in southeastern Peru Amazon Expedition  can bond to certain types of toxic chemicals and prevent their uptake by parrots.

In this way the clay lick soil may help protect the parrots from the toxins in the seeds that they eat. In summary the scientific evidence suggests Peruvian parrots do not eat soil for grit but they do consume soil that provides an important source of dietary sodium and helps neutralize the plant toxins in their diet. In this article I provide data on the seasonal patterns of clay lick use by parrots at Amazon Expedition . I then show how parrot “migrations,” breeding and diet maybe interacting to produce these seasonal changes in lick use in Amazon Expedition.

Amazon Expedition – Macaw Clay Lick – Sandoval Lake 5d/4n

  • Length: 5 Days/4 Nights
  • Type of service: Private or Group
  • Location: Southern Peru, Madre de Dios Department, Puerto Maldonado, Tambopata National Reserve, Sandoval Lake Reserve
  • Activities: Tambopata Expeditions ,Chuncho Clay-Lick, El Gato Waterfall, Sandoval Lake, palm clay-lick, daily and night walking
  • Altitude: 183 – 400 m.a.s.l.
  • Best time to visit: March – October
  • Departure: Every day
  • Minimum of participants: 2
  • Maximum of participants: 10
  • Price per person: USD

 

ITINERARY DETAILED   ADVENTURE TRAVEL

1 day

  •  Trip in our car about 3 hours until tambopata river
  • Trips in our boat to Tambopata river
  • Acommodation in our lodge after lunch
  • Exploring the Tambopata Reserve
  • Dinner, night walk

2 day

  • 4:00 a.m. on our boat trip up the Tambopata River
  • 6:00 a.m. observation of macaw clay lick
  • breakfast, fishing and hiking
  • lunch in our Lodge
  • Visit the waterfall to Tambopat River
  • night activities

3Day

  • walk in the primary forest and lake
  • Travel by boat and car to reserve Lake Sandoval
  • Lunch on the trip
  • Monkeys Island
  • 5 km walk and canoe
  • accommdation in ourLodge- private room and shower
  • Nightlife canoe

Day 4 :  5.00     am  : Today leave early from our Lodge to go see the palm tree clay lick  eating every morning

  •   Breakfast in the lodge
  •  Visit sandoval lake to see Giant River Otters, Birds, Reptiles ,Turtles, Alligator, Monkeys, and fish
  • lunch and Free time
  • we will visit the Sandoval lake in our paddle canoe
  • Today we will see alligators in our paddle canoe

Day 5  : Breakfast

  • Today we will take our boat to return to Puerto Maldonado to transfer to bus station or airport.

 

Quick Itinerary of the Amazon Expedition – Macaw Clay-Lick of Chuncho & Sandoval Lake:

DAY 1: PUERTO MALDONADO – TAMBOPATA AMAZON EXPEDITION

DAY 2: AMAZON EXPEDITION – CHUNCHO – LODGE – MACAW´S CLAY-LICK OF CHUNCHO

DAY 3: AMAZON EXPEDITION – TAMBOPATA MACAW CLAY LICK AND SANDOVAL LAKE

DAY 4: AMAZON EXPEDITION – MACAW PALM TREE – SANDOVAL LAKE

DAY 5: AMAZON EXPEDITION – SANDOVAL LAKE BACK TO PUERTO MALDONADO

Itinerary Amazon Expedition – Macaw Clay-Lick of Chuncho

DAY 1: PUERTO MALDONADO – TAMBOPATA AMAZON EXPEDITION

We pick you up from the airport/coach terminal of Puerto Maldonado to take you first to our office where you can leave your things unnecessary for the trip, but you need to bring a backpack for your personal items and more.  Then, you get on our private vehicle to take you for an hour ride following a dirt road watching changeable nature along the way such as diverse forest types, traditional farms cultivating bananas and citruses, cattle farms, streams, etc.

Then, we get to the Native Community of Infierno where the port of Puerto Nuevo is situated. We board a motorboat there and navigate for about 2 hours observing wildlife around the river banks, especially birds such as herons, a jabiru, a macaw, a kingfisher as well as some mammals, e.g. a capybara and a tapir. We can also spot white caimans and turtles resting on the banks. Then, we get to the Inotawa Lodge when we accommodate ourselves, have lunch and a short rest as well.

The lodge is located on the banks of the river, in the beginning of the Tambopata National Reserve, which is rich in fauna and flora; that we explore just after the rest. So we are given an opportunity to see a lizard or a colourful butterfly, birds such as a quail, a toucan or a wild turkey as well as thousand year old trees such as almendrillos (Dipteryx Odorata; reaching up to 50 metres), chiguaguacos or lapunas!  We return to the lodge for dinner.

Optional: A night walk in a company of our Tour Guide who shows us some nocturnal animals, for example, nocturnal monkeys, frogs or insects.

DAY 2: AMAZON EXPEDITION – CHUNCHO – LODGE – MACAW´S CLAY-LICK OF CHUNCHO

We leave the lodge very early in the morning to sail the Tambopata River with a direction of the mouth of the Malinowski River, a place of next checkpoint. After we have passed it, we are given a chance to visit a local interpretative centre too. Then, we continue the ride while we can notice a change of landscapes as the Tambopata River flows faster now and fans into many branches which create islands covered by floodplain forests, lined with large pebble beaches.

This is a perfect place to watch capybaras, Orinoco geese, cormorants or alligators. After 3 hours of navigation, we reach today´s destination – the famous Chuncho´s Clay-Lick! There, we find a good viewpoint to be able to better observe this special and unforgettable spectacle full of colours and sounds as flocks of parrots, macaws, parakeets and other animals gather every morning to eat clay helping them to digest and get off toxins contained in jungle´s trees and plants.

The birds come there between 5 and 9 am before they fly to look for seeds and fruits into the jungle. First visitors are usually smaller species such as parrotlets and parakeets, and then parrots occur to be later followed by significantly bigger macaws representing an explosion of colours and sounds! When the spectacle is finished, we re-board the boat navigating downstream for 3 hours until we get back to the Inotawa Lodge. We are served lunch there and get ready for our next excursion, this time to the splendid El Gato Waterfall! So we get on the boat to sail upstream the Tambopata River for about two hours until we reach the Gato Creek. There, the astonishing Gato Waterfall is placed, inviting us to take its photos as well as to enjoy an unforgettable swim! For dinner, we get back to the lodge.

Optional: A night caiman observation in the Tambopata River.

DAY 3: AMAZON EXPEDITION – TAMBOPATA MACAW CLAY LICK AND SANDOVAL LAKE

After breakfast, we get on the boat to sail for 10 minutes and then change for land transportation riding for two hours until the Capitania Port in Puerto Maldonado. There, we board a motorboat again and navigate down the Madre de Dios River watching animals such as turtles, caimans, lizards and others around its shores. After about half an hour, we get to a checkpoint of the Sandoval Lake Reserve.

We pass a check and start walking for 5 km to reach Sandoval Lake where we take a canoe bringing us to the Sandoval Lake Lodge. There, we accommodate ourselves and after lunch we return sailing the lake to see its typical inhabitants – giant river otters, black caimans, a prehistoric bird shansho, herons, cormorants, kingfisher, etc. For dinner, we return to the lodge to later get back to the lake again, this time to undertake an evening caiman observation because caimans are nocturnal animals. Our professional naturalist Tour Guide shows and explains us about these animals. We overnight in the lodge.

DAY 4: AMAZON EXPEDITION – MACAW PALM TREE – SANDOVAL LAKE

Another early wake up expects us today as we go to the surroundings of the Sandoval Lake where a huge number of various palms grow in its water creating an area of marsh. This place is called Collpa de Palmeras and it attracts various macaw species and other parrots to eat sawdust of its palms as it contains sodium, calcium, potassium and other minerals helping them to digest. Then, we go back to the lodge to be given breakfast. Later, we take next trip going to observe stunning flora and fauna of the Sandoval Lake Reserve.

We can appreciate monkeys, deer, wild boars, tapirs or spectacled bears, just to name a few. For lunch, we get back to the lodge. Afterwards, we have given some time off to rest or enjoy a bath in the Sandoval Lake (no worries, there are no piranhas or other dangerous animals during the day). Then, we board a canoe to cross the lake to a place where we can better appreciate a beautiful sunset above the lake! At 7 pm, we return to the lodge for dinner. Then while waiting for the moonlight, a suitable time occurs to go watching caimans again! An overnight is in the lodge.

DAY 5: AMAZON EXPEDITION – SANDOVAL LAKE BACK TO PUERTO MALDONADO

After breakfast, we first board a canoe to sail over the Sandoval Lake and then we walk back to the checkpoint and from there, we continue sailing the Madre de Dios River by a motorboat towards Puerto Maldonado. We pick our baggage up in our office and then, we are transferred either to the airport or the coach terminal.

End of service!

IMPORTANT!!

You need to be vaccinated against Yellow Fever as well as to bring some anti-malaria tablets with you!!

INCLUDED

Included in the Amazon Expedition

  • A professional naturalist Tour Guide;
  • Motorboat transportation:
  • Private vehicle land transportation;
  • Entrance fee to the Sandoval Lake Reserve;
  • A professional Cook,
  • Meals: 4x breakfast, 4x lunch, 4x dinner and drinking water (Please note: vegetarian option upon request for no extra cost!);
  • Accommodation: 4 nights in a lodge;
  • First aid kit, including a poison extractor, mosquito bite treatment and an antidote for a snake bite;
  • Radio communications;
  • Rubber boots.

Not included in the Amazon Expedition

  • Entrance fee to the Tambopata National Reserve ;
  • Any flight nor airport departure taxes;
  • Travel insurance;
  • Vaccination;
  • Breakfast on the first day and dinner on the last day;
  • Drinks;
  • Tips to local staff.

What to take with you to the Amazon Expedition

  • Mosquito repellent (DEET 35 recommended as a MINIMUM!!),
  • Original passport,
  • Small backpack,
  • Long sleeved cotton shirts (preferably green coloured),
  • Long cotton trousers,
  • Cotton long socks (to be put into your trousers),
  • Comfortable walking shoes,
  • Sandals or light shoes,
  • Rain gear (e.g. rain poncho),
  • Sweater (for the beginning of the tour in Andes and the cloud forest only),
  • Swimsuits;
  • Binoculars (we also rent it),
  • Camera and its charger,
  • Plastic bags to be used for clothes and a camera,
  • A hat as a protection against the Sun or rain,
  • Toiletries,
  • Small towel,
  • Toilet paper,
  • Antibacterial gel,
  • Sun cream,
  • Sunglasses,
  • Flashlight (with spare bulb and batteries),
  • A bottled water (1 litre as a minimum),
  • Pocket money (Soles) to buy some beverages and souvenirs as well as to tip.
  • DEPARTURES

Confirmed departures of the Amazon Expedition

 

 

 

 

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SANDOVAL LAKE 4 DAYS 3 NIGHT

SANDOVAL LAKE TOUR 3 DAYS 2 NIGHT

SANDOVAL RESERVE 2DAYS 1 NIGHT

Tambopata Macaw Clay Lick Chuncho 4 Days 3 Night

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