Short Description of the Macaws Nesting in the Center Amazon
The surprising lack of suitable nest sites is one of the biggest obstacles. The nests are built in certain kinds of trees. For Blue and yellow Macaws the most common site is on the top part of dead Pona palm trees. The Scarlet Macaws nest in hard wood tree holes. Macaws cannot hack out holes for nests by themselves because of their down curved bills. Thus they use holes made previously, for example by woodpeckers. Existing holes are not always abundantly available. Nesting starts in December, so macaws start to look for their favorite tree until August. Often it occurs that two couples see the tree at the same time. They may start to fight for it, sometimes until death. A fighting macaw may even go as far as to pull a competing macaws chicks from their nest in Center Amazon
Center Amazon – Tambopata
Tambopata National Reserve and
Bahuaja-Sonene National Park
Date of last field evaluation: September 2002
Date of publication: October 2002
Location: Province of Tambopata, department of Madre
de Dios; provinces of Sandia and Caraballa, department of
Puno, in southeastern Peru
Year created: 1990
Area: 1,366,106.00 ha (National Park: 1,091,416 ha;
National Reserve: 274,690.00 ha)
Eco-region: Southwestern Center Amazon Tambopata humid forest.
Habitats: Tropical rainforest and tropical cloud forest.
Description Center Amazon Tambopata :National Reserve Center Amazon Tambopata and Bahuaja-Sonene National Park border one another in the southern Center Amazon region. The area contains high levels of biodiversity and beautiful natural landscapes. The two protected areas were initially declared as a reserved zone in the early 1990s. Subsequently, after a drawn-out consultation process and negotiations with stakeholders, two definitive areas were set aside as a national park and reserve.
Biodiversity Center Amazon Tambopata :The Tambopata River watershed is one of the world’s richest ecosystems in terms of biodiversity. The area features a major diversity of plant life, including forest species of economic importance such as cedar (Cedrela odorata) and mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla), and palm trees such as the pona (Iriartea ventricosa) and aguaje (Mauritia flexuosa), among others. The area is home to large numbers of giant river otters (Pteronura brasiliensis), an endangered species, as well as vulnerable species such as the anteater (Myrmecophaga tridactyla), the giant armadillo (Priodontes maximus), black spider monkey (Ateles paniscus), the jaguar (Panthera onca), pink river dolphin (Ajaija ajaja), the yellow-headed river turtle (Podocnemis unifilis) and the anaconda (Eunectes murinus).
Threats Center Amazon -Tambopata : Peru classifies Tambopata National Reserve and Bahuaja-Sonene National Park as vulnerable due to a variety of threats. The most pressing problems are agriculture and land conversion, gold mining, illegal logging, excessive extraction of other natural resources (wild game, fish, fruit and palm fronds, among others), paving of the Cuzco-Puerto Maldonado road, and increased migration to the region.
Description Center Amazon – Heath River :Physical description The protected area features eight life zones: suptropical humid forest, tropical humid forest, suptropical high-humidity forest, suptropical high-humidity foothills cloud forest, subtropical rainforest, tropical cloud forest foothills, subtropical lower foothills cloud forest and semiflooded subtropical lower foothills cloud forest. The main rivers that flow through the area are the Center Amazon Tambopata, Malinowski, la Torre, Tavara, Candamo and Guacamayo. The main rivers flowing around the area are the Heath, Inambari and Madre de Dios. A series of smaller rivers and gullies make up the rest of the area’s watershed. There are several ways to access these protected areas. One can fly to the southeastern jungle town of Puerto Maldonado, the capital of the department of Madre de Dios. By road, one can drive from the Andean city of Cuzco to the northern edge of the protected areas or from Puno to the southern border. River access is down the Madre de Dios and Center AmazonTambopata Rivers in shallowbottomed boats. From Bolivia, one can reach the area via the Madre de Dios and Heath Rivers. Average annual temperature is 26° C, ranging from 10-38° C; with average annual rainfall of 1600-2400 mm.2 Rainfall in the protected area is typical of most areas in the Peruvian Amazon.The climate ranges from humid and warm (3000 mm and 25° C on average), sub-level humidity and semi-warm (1700 mm and 26° C on average), high-level humidity and semi-warm (4000 mm and 23° C). BiodiversityTambopata features a high diversity of habitats, and therefore an incredible number of species are represented.4 In the Andes there are high levels of endemism,5 and this is true in the protected area as well. The protected area is concentrates rich biodiversity in Center Amazon for several groups of organisms.6 The protected area features common species and concentrates a rich biological diversity in several groups of organisms. The Tambopata River watershed is considered to be one of the world’s richest ecosystems in terms of biodiversity. An indicator of this vast wealth is the fact that in an area of just 550 hectares, researchers have found 91 species of mammals, 570 birds, 127 reptiles and amphibians and 94 fish, among other surprising records.
Flora Center Amazon -Tambopata :The Tambopata River in Madre de Dios near the Puno foothills is riddled with clumps of bamboo, the exclusive habitat of a variety of species of birds and mammals. The area features mature flooded forest and jungle typical of lower cloud forest. Flora in the national reserve is fairly typical of the southwest Amazon Basin. The Heath River and surrounding plains are a unique ecosystem in Peru. The pampas are pastures that are periodically flooded, and small groves of trees with varied plant life grow in isolated clumps on the plain. The protected area is home to a wide diversity of plant life, including exploited forest species such as cedar (Cedrela odorata), mahogany (Swietenia macrophylla), tornillo (Cedrelinga sp.),Brazil nut (Bertholetia excelsa), palm trees such as the pona (Iriartea ventricosa), aguaje (Mauritia flexuosa), huasaí (Euterpe sp.) and ungurahui (Jessenia bataua).
Fauna Center Amazon -Tambopata :Researchers have discovered in the protected area large numbers of species that are now rarely found elsewhere in the Amazon jungle due to poaching, particularly tapirs and spider monkeys, but also jaguars, white-lipped peccary, medium-sized and large monkeys and caiman. The rivers teem with giant river otters and beavers. Within the reserve, the lower elevation zone is dominated mostly by Amazonian bird species, the ones that are at or near their upper elevation limits, and by species that are restricted (or partially restricted) to the narrow band of rain forest found on the lower slopes of the Andes. Because of the growing deforestation rate along this latitudinal border in other parts of the Andes, this ecosystem is one of these most threatened in all of South America. A relatively large portion of this ecosystem is found within the Bahuaja-Sonene National Park. In a 5,000-hectare area where La Torre River feeds into Tambopata, almost 575 bird species have been registered. In addition, this same area contains approximately 1200 butterfly species, making its conservation extremely important in Center Amazon Tambopata.
Center Amazon 4d/3n
- Length: 4 Days/3 Nights
- Type of service: Private or Group
- Location:Southern Peru, Madre de Dios Department, Puerto Maldonado, Tambopata National Reserve
- Activities: Tambopata Rainforest Tours , La Torre Clay-Lick, Tres Chimbadas Lake, daily and night walking, piranha fishing, camping.
- Altitude: 183 – 250 m.a.s.l.
- Best time to visit: March – October
- Departure: Every day
- Minimum of participants:2
- Maximum of participants: 10
- Price per person: USD
ITINERARY OF THE CENTER AMAZON
Quick Itinerary of the Center Amazon
Day 1: Puerto Maldonado to Center Amazon – Chuncho Lodge
Day 2: Center Amazon – Macaw´s Clay-Lick Chuncho
Day 3: Chuncho Lodge – Tambopata Rainforest to Center Amazon
Day 4: Center Amazon Back to Puerto Maldonado
Itinerary of the Center Amazon Days4 / 3Night
DAY 1: PUERTO MALDONADO TO CENTER AMAZON – CHUNCHO LODGE
We pick you up from the airport/coach terminal of Puerto Maldonado to take you first to our office where you can leave your things unnecessary for the trip, but you will need to bring a backpack for your personal items and more. There, you have also the last opportunity to buy some necessities such as batteries, waterproofs, etc.
Then, you get on our private vehicle to take you for an hour ride following a dirt road watching changeable nature along the way such as diverse forest types, traditional farms cultivating bananas and citruses, cattle farms, streams, etc. Then, we get to the Native Community of Infierno where the port of Puerto Nuevo is situated. We board our motorboat there to navigate for about 2 hours the Tambopata River with a direction to the Chuncho Lodge.
During the ride, we are provided lunch consisting of vegetable rice wrapped in a bijao leaf (a leaf traditionally used in regional cuisine) along with fruits, biscuits and bottled water while we can admire flora along the river banks, for example, cañabravales, cecropias, ficus, as well as fauna such as birds. We may see weaving birds with their nests high up in the trees, herons, macaws, parrots or toucans. If we are lucky, we might spot mammals such as capybaras and tapirs or white caimans and turtles resting on the banks. Once in the Inotawa Lodge, which is located on the banks of the Tambopata River, in the beginning of the Tambopata National Reserve, we accommodate ourselves while our Tour Guide explains to us about the best ways on how to enjoy our stay.
In the afternoon, our Tour Guide takes us on a walk to explore fauna and flora near the lodge. So we can watch some birds, for instance, trogons, quails, guans (wild turkeys – Penelopinae) as well as trees and vines such as Shihuahuacos, Almendrillos, Ceibas. Then we are served dinner in the lodge.
Optional: A night walk in the company of our Tour Guide who shows us some nocturnal animals, for example, nocturnal monkeys, frogs, spiders or insects.
DAY 2: CENTER AMAZON – MACAW´S CLAY-LICK CHUNCHO
We wake up at 5 am to have breakfast and sail by boat to a nearby clay-lick called Collpa La Torre (collpa means clay-lick). Upon arrival, we find a good viewpoint (about 30 metres far away from the clay-lick) providing us a perfect spot to observe macaws, parrots, parakeets and maybe deer, capybaras, squirrels as well.
The Collpa La Torre is similar to other clay-licks along the Tambopata River and it consists of a 4 metre high and 20 metre long embankment. Its clay contains minerals necessary for digestions of the above mentioned animals. This entire spectacle lasts until 9 am (approximately).
Afterwards, we observe neighbouring nature where we can spot tapirs, lowland pacas (Cuniculus paca), peccaries and other mammals. For lunch we return to the lodge to later head out for fishing in the Tambopata River. Dinner is served in the lodge.
Optional: A night caiman observation in the river.
DAY 3: CHUNCHO LODGE –TAMBOPATA RAINFOREST TO CENTER AMAZON
We board a rowing boat after breakfast sailing downstream for 15 minutes and later continue hiking for 40 minutes until we reach the typical oxbow lake of Amazon – Tres Chimbas Lake. Upon arrival, the Tour Guide shows us the best way on how to appreciate the lake and its typical inhabitants – a family of giant river otters, an endangered species. Except of them, we can also admire a variety of birds, for example, hoatzin, anhinga (or darter), herons, kingfishers as well as some reptiles and mammals.
Then, we are given a chance to try to fish for the famous and dangerous piranha! In the afternoon, we explore around a bamboo forest (Guadua weberbaweri) near the lake as well as the native community of Infierno. In this special bamboo biosphere, we can see its typical inhabitants such as the rare Peruvian Recurvebill (Syndactyla ucayalae) or White-lined Antbird (Percnostola lophotes), which are both threatened due to their natural habitat loss, the Manu Antbird, Bamboo Antshrike, the Rufous-headed Woodpecker, the White-cheeked Tody-Flycatcher (Poecilotriccus albifacies), which is an endemic specie to humid bamboo thickets, the Flammulated Bamboo Tyrant (Hemitriccus flammulatus), or migratory birds – the Eastern Wood Pewee and the Yellow- green Vireo.
We get back to the lodge at dusk accompanied by our Tour Guide. So we have an opportunity to enjoy some night jungle noises, perhaps a possible storm as well as getting to see some of the northern constellations such as the Scorpion or the Southern Cross. We take a spotlight with us just in case, as we go across a territory of caimans waiting for their prey. Dinner and overnight in the lodge.
DAY 4: CENTER AMAZON BACK TO PUERTO MALDONADO
We board a motorboat early after breakfast to take us back to Puerto Maldonado navigating upstream the Tampopata River. There, we transfer you first to our office to collect your belongings and then either to the airport or the coach terminal to take your connection.
End of service!
You need to be vaccinated against Yellow Fever as well as to bring some anti-malaria tablets with you!![tab: INCLUDED]
Included in the Center Amazon
- A professional naturalist Tour Guide;
- Motorboat transportation:
- Private vehicle land transportation;
- A professional Cook,
- Meals: 3x breakfast, 3x lunch, 3x dinner and drinking water (Please note: vegetarian option upon request for no extra cost!);
- Accommodation: 3 nights in a lodge;
- First aid kit, including a poison extractor, mosquito bite treatment and an antidote for a snake bite;
- Radio communications;
- Rubber boots.
- Entrance fee to the Tambopata National Reserve (65 Soles);
Not included in the Center Amazon
- Any flight nor airport departure taxes;
- Travel insurance;
- Entrance Fee to Reserve Tambopata
- Breakfast on the first day and dinner on the last day;
- Tips to local staff.
What to take with you to Center Amazon
- Mosquito repellent (DEET 35 recommended as a MINIMUM!!),
- Original passport,
- Small backpack,
- Long sleeved cotton shirts (preferably green coloured),
- Long cotton trousers,
- Cotton long socks (to be put into your trousers),
- Comfortable walking shoes,
- Sandals or light shoes,
- Rain gear (e.g. rain poncho),
- Sweater (for the beginning of the tour in Andes and the cloud forest only),
- Binoculars (we also rent it),
- Camera and its charger,
- Plastic bags to be used for clothes and a camera,
- A hat as a protection against the Sun or rain,
- Small towel,
- Toilet paper,
- Antibacterial gel,
- Flashlight (with spare bulb and batteries),
- A bottled water (1 litre as a minimum),
- Pocket money (Soles) to buy some beverages and souvenirs as well as to tip.
Confirmed departures of the Center Amazon
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