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SANDOVAL LAKE RESERVE
TAMBOPATA TOURS - MANU NATIONAL PARK - LODGE
SANDOVAL LAKE RESERVE
TAMBOPATA TOURS - MANU NATIONAL PARK - LODGE
SANDOVAL LAKE RESERVE
TAMBOPATA TOURS - MANU NATIONAL PARK - LODGE
SANDOVAL LAKE RESERVE
TAMBOPATA TOURS - MANU NATIONAL PARK - LODGE
SANDOVAL LAKE RESERVE
TAMBOPATA TOURS - MANU NATIONAL PARK - LODGE
SANDOVAL LAKE RESERVE
TAMBOPATA TOURS - MANU NATIONAL PARK - LODGE
SANDOVAL LAKE RESERVE
TAMBOPATA TOURS - MANU NATIONAL PARK - LODGE
SANDOVAL LAKE RESERVE
TAMBOPATA TOURS - MANU NATIONAL PARK - LODGE
SANDOVAL LAKE RESERVE
TAMBOPATA TOURS - MANU NATIONAL PARK - LODGE
SANDOVAL LAKE RESERVE
TAMBOPATA TOURS - MANU NATIONAL PARK - LODGE
SANDOVAL LAKE RESERVE
TAMBOPATA TOURS - MANU NATIONAL PARK - LODGE
SANDOVAL LAKE RESERVE
TAMBOPATA TOURS - MANU NATIONAL PARK - LODGE
SANDOVAL LAKE RESERVE
TAMBOPATA TOURS - MANU NATIONAL PARK - LODGE

Short description of the Tambopata Amazon Wildlife Macaw Clay Lick 4 days:

Inside the Tambopata National Reserve and 150 km / 93 miles from Puerto Maldonado  The “colpa” (macaw clay lick) is a place where macaws congregate, formed along the shores of the river due to certain erosion processes that allowed the formation of soil rich in mineral salts. It is approximately 50 meters / 164 feet high, 500 meters / 1640 feet long, and is considered the largest in the Peruvian Amazon Rainforest. Every morning, six different  species of macaws, parrots, and parakeets gather there. These colorful birds fly around the colpa before starting the “colpeo”, which consists in eating the clay found on the cliff and serves as a nutritional supplement. After staying there from twenty-five to thirty minutes, they fly away to come back the next day. Occasionally, Brazilian tapirs, capybaras, and squirrels go there. At the top of the trees, different species of monkeys like the red howler, the caupuchin, the titi, and sometimes even spider monkeys can be seen.

chuncho lodge

Peru’s Tambopata region in the Amazon basin is the only area in the world where parrots and macaws gather in their hundreds to eat clay from riverbank mud cliffs. Biosphere Expeditions are working on a unique project  to protect them – peru nature .


Amazon Wildlife Macaw Clay Lick 4 days

  • Length: 4 Days/3 Nights
  • Type of service: Private or Group
  • Location: Southern Peru, Madre de Dios Department, Puerto Maldonado, Tambopata National Reserve,
  • Activities: piranhas fishing, Macaw Clay Lick, Chuncho Macaw, 3 Night Walk, amazon wildlife .
  • Altitude: 600 – 400 m.a.s.l.
  • Best time to visit: March – October
  • Departure: Every day
  • Minimum of participants: 2
  • Maximum of participants: 10
  • Price per person:  USD

Travel map of Amazon Wildlife Macaw Clay Lick Chuncho Tambopata

sandoval lake tambopata Amazon Wildlife Macaw Clay Lick reserve

 

 

Quick Itinerary of  Travel Amazon Wildlife  Macaw Clay Lick  Chuncho 4 days/3 Nights:

 Puerto Maldonado –  Tambopata Amazon Wildlife .

  • Transfer by bus from Airport / Bus Station to our Office .
  •  A professional naturalist Tour Guide;
  • Travel by 4X4,  2 hours
  • Travel by  boat 30 minutes up river Tambopata
  • 1Lunch ,1 Dinner .
  •  Hike inside the reserve tambopata
  • Water,
  • Rubber boots.
  • 1 Night in our lodge Tambopata Inn / comfortable with shower and bathroom Mosquitos nets.

Tambopata Reserve – Amazon Wildlife Macaw Clay Lick Chuncho .

  • 1 Breakfast ,1 Lunch , 1Dinner.
  • A professional naturalist Tour Guide;
  • 5:00 a.m. we will get up to go and see the Macaw Clay Lick .
  • After breakfast exploring    the tambopata Reserve Flora  and fauna  .
  • Rubber boots.
  • Water .
  • 1 Night With a comfortable Lodge with  shower and bathroom.
  • Nights Walk in the jungle.

 Tambopata – Fishing – Piranhas – Amazon Wildlife Exploring Flora and Fauna. .

  • 1 Breakfast ,1 Lunch , 1Dinner , 1Dinner.
  •  A professional naturalist Tour Guide.
  • After breakfast exploring Piraña Fishing .
  • Afternoon we will walk to the mammal clay lick .
  • Rubber boots.
  • Water .
  • 1 Night With a comfortable shower and bathroom.
  • Nights Walk in the jungle.

Condenado Community  – 3 Chimbadas – Return to Puerto Maldonado

  • A professional naturalist Tour Guide;
  • 1Breakfast .
  • Departure from our Lodge in the Morning .
  • Boat Back from the River Tambopata to Puerto maldonado.
  • Transfer by bus from our Office to  Airport / Bus Station.
  • End of service  .

Itinerary Tour

Amazon Wildlife Macaw Clay Lick 4 days

TOURS DAY 1:

Puerto Maldonado – Amazon Wildlife Macaw Clay Lick

We ll Pick you up from the terrestrial terminal or airport and then transfer to our office located in the square of arms of the city of Puerto Maldonado from there we will thicken our trip approximately 2 hours and 30 minutes in our 4×4 mobility, by land until reaching the port of Rio Tambo pata where our boat out of bounds awaits us to travel upstream of the tambo. In the afternoon we will arrive at our hostel, “COLLPAS TAMBOPATA INN”. During the trip we will have opportunities to see different species such as capybaras, birds, turtles and alligators. After lunch we will hike inside the reserve where we will see huge trees and lianas Medicinal plants, and Capuchin monkeys, Squirrel then we will return to our hostel for dinner. After dinner we will do the nocturnal activity in our boat where we will observe spotted Cayman and in search the Black and White Cayman and the option to see other species such as capybaras, ocelot and jaguar that are always on the banks of the Tambo pata river.
Accommodation in our hostel with availability of mosquito nets shower and bath.

 

TOURS DAY 2:

Tambopata Reserve – Amazon Wildlife Macaw Clay Lick Chuncho .

We will wake up around 5:00am, we will get a hot drink to get some energy and we will take our boat up the Tambopata for 1 hour and 30 minutes. Crossing the check point. We will have all the sunrise just for us in the boat, and we will have really good chances to spot shore birds, capybaras, White caimans, and why not to mention … A jaguar or an anaconda, I like to say it, we have a 20 %of probabilities to see one of these guys by the river bank.

Getting to our destination, we will get a show at the clay lick, parrots and macaws Green, red, blue and yellow birds all around us, flying and making loud noises, it will be spectacular this behavior of this birds. We will explain you the reason why every day the

whole year around this birds go to the Cliff to eat clay. We will spend from 6:30 am to 11:00 am approx. Our breakfast will be in front of the clay lick activity

At the end of this activity, in our way down river to the lodge we will make a short stop in the check point to learn more about the small museum that there is here, after this we will continue toward our lodge to get an unforgettable swimming in the stream or may be in the Tambopata River.

We will get our lunch and then we will go for a walk to know more about the most important things about the medicinal plants, the quinine “good for the malaria”, the cats claw, the dragons blood, and the AYAHUASCA “the master plant for the shamans” are only a few plants that we will find during this interesting walk just in the back of our lodge, in the real jungle.

We will go back to our lodge and then at night before dinner or after dinner we will have a short night walk, the sounds at night, the insects, spider, tarantulas, frogs and maybe snakes will make this night hike something difficult to forget.

TOURS DAY 3:

Tambopata – Fishing – Piranhas – Amazon Wildlife Exploring Flora and Fauna .

We will wake up with the sounds of birds and howler monkeys, we will take our breakfast then we will take our 30 minutes by the river tambo pata where we will make a stop at Gato String for fishing like catfish, sardines, sardines etc. And then explore the forest knowing other species that live there. The stream is a truly magical and cozy place where you could enjoy or take a refreshing swim in its crystal clear waters with beautiful scenery where you will have a nice unforgettable experience then Let’s take a short walk to explain about the local farm.
In the afternoon, we will visit the mammal colpa, we will probably have better chances to find howler monkeys, deer, wild pigs, and some other mammals feeding in this place, at the same time we will explain the different techniques on. The ways of hunting and survival that exist in this area after dinner, we will make a beautiful bonfire on the river bank and then tell you about great stories and legends about the magic jungle and answer some of your questions you may have after this Activity we will return to our Lodge to rest in their respective room availability Shower and bath in our Hostel Tambo Paw Inn.

TOURS DAY 4:

Condenado Community  – 3 Chimbadas – Return to Puerto Maldonado

We will wake up in the same way like the day before, we will get our breakfast with time, and then we will take our boat and take the whole way to Puerto Maldonado by boat, we can make stops at Condenado community, the 3 chimbadas oxbow lake or the infierno native community where we can talk about the native people around. We will get a box lunch in the boat, we will arrive to Puerto Maldonado in the afternoon.

Includes  Not Includes

Included in Amazon Wildlife Macaw Clay Lick Chuancho 4 days:

  • Transfer by land and by river
  • Private vehicle land transportation;
  • Meals: 3x Breakfast, 3 Lunch, 3 Dinner and drinking water (Please note: vegetarian option upon request for no extra cost!);
  • Accommodation: 3 Nights in lodges;
  • A professional naturalist Tour Guide;
  • First aid kit, including a poison extractor, mosquito bite treatment and an antidote for a snake bite;
  • Radio communications;
  • Rubber boots.
  • Water

Not included in the Amazon Wildlife Macaw Clay Lick Chuncho 4 days:

  • Any flight nor airport departure taxes;
  • Travel insurance;
  • Vaccination;
  • Breakfast on the first day and Lunch on the last day;
  • Drinks;
  • Tips to local staff.
  • Entrance fee to the Tambopata National Reserve.

What to take with you to the Amazon Wildlife Macaw Clay Lick 4 days :

  • Mosquito repellent (DEET 35 recommended as a MINIMUM!!),
  • Original passport,
  • Small backpack,
  • Long sleeved cotton shirts (preferably green coloured),
  • Long cotton trousers,
  • Cotton long socks (to be put into your trousers),
  • Comfortable walking shoes,
  • Sandals or light shoes,
  • Rain gear (e.g. rain poncho),
  • Sweater (for the beginning of the tour in Andes and the cloud forest only),
  • Swimsuits;
  • Binoculars (we also rent it),
  • Camera and its charger,
  • Plastic bags to be used for clothes and a camera,
  • A hat as a protection against the Sun or rain,
  • Toiletries,
  • Small towel,
  • Toilet paper,
  • Sun cream,
  • Sunglasses,
  • Flashlight (with spare bulb and batteries),
  • A bottled water (1 litre as a minimum),
  • Pocket money (Soles) to buy some beverages and souvenirs as well as to tip.

Lodge

LODGE TAMBOPATA INN IN PERU

 

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Gallery

Description of the Tambopata Amazon Wildlife Macaw Clay Lick Chuncho .

Descriptions

Tourist Information – Amazon Wildlife Macaw Clay Lick 4 days

The Collpas Macaw Clay Lick Chuncho:

As for collpas, Mother of God is related to the Latin American level number of licks that exist in its territory, and for having one of the largest in the world, located in the Tambopata National Reserve, called the Collpa Colorado. Collpas usually associated with macaws, however many mammals also attend collpas located in the forest. Thus become a source of meat for local communities and native populations.

Birds and mammals who congregate at the clay licks consume soil containing these natural formations to supplement your diet and eat catalyze acids in their bodies by eating green fruit.

One thing that few know is that there are also calls licks palms. In this case, the dry trunks of palm trees provide macaws mineral salts that have gained ground throughout his life.

Some even investigated this case occurs in the vicinity of Lake Sandoval, also within the Tambopata.Finalmente National Reserve is also known that collpas attract thousands of tourists to Mother of God, and are fascinating places to research wildlife.

MACAW CLAY LICK CHUCHO  PERU NATURE .

Soil consumption (aka geophaghy) is very common among mammals worldwide to peru nature  chuncho . A wide variety of mammals eat soil including wild and domestic ungulates, rodents and primates (including humans). In fact there are mammals that eat soil on every continent except .Antarctica. Among birds, geophagy is less well known and intensive scientific studies are much less common. Parrots and pigeons are the most common avian soil consumers, but a fair number of game birds (Galliformes) and perching birds (Passeriformes) have also been recorded consuming soil in this trips peru nature chuncho . The common feature of most soil-eating vertebrates is that they feed almost exclusively on plants. As a result you will rarely find wild cats, hawks or other predators eating soil. A wide variety of reasons have been proposed for why animals eat soil. I will focus here on the three most widely accepted theories: grit for grinding food, mineral supplementation and adsorption of dietary toxins. Many birds are known to eat small pebbles or gravel to help them grind the hard seeds in their diet. This includes robins, game birds and others (Best & Gionfriddo 1991). These species ingest relatively large particles ( 0.5 mm diameter) that remain in the muscular gizzard where grinding occurs. However the evidence suggests that the parrots and pigeons that I study in Peru do notconsume soil as grit because the birds choose the finest clays with particles much too small to aid in grinding (Brightsmith & Aramburú 2004; Gilardi et al. 1999). Another common explanation for why animals consume soil is mineral supplementation this finding in  peru nature  macaw , chuncho . In general nutrients are often in short supply in many ecosystems. In particular sodium is often cited as an important reason why animals eat soils. In fact in temperate areas most geophagy sites are referred to as salt licks. Sodium is scarce in the diets of herbivorous animals because it is found in low concentrations in most plants. In fact many plants actively avoid uptake of sodium. However sodium is vital for a wide variety of animal functions including maintenance of osmotic balance, nerve transmission etc. For this reason humans and other animals show such strong cravings for sodium and actively seek  it out. In Peru studies peru nature macaw clay  lick chuncho show that parrots have diets with extremely low concentrations of  sodium and that these birds eat the soils with the highest concentrations of sodium (Brightsmith & Aramburú 2004; Gilardi et al. 1999). ( peru nature) macaw clay lick chuncho .

Most plants contain toxic defense chemicals that function to keep animals from eating them. Many of these toxins are well known to people including caffeine, nicotine, tannins (that make wine and tea taste dry), digitalis, cocaine, opium etc. In high concentrations many plant chemicals can be fatal. Many such compounds occur in the seeds and unripe fruits that make up the bulk of parrot diets. As a result parrots consume a large number of toxic substances each day. Work at UC Davis by James Gilardi has shown that the clays consumed by parrots in southeastern Peru can bond to certain types of toxic chemicals and prevent their uptake by parrots. In this way the clay lick soil may help protect the parrots from the toxins in the seeds that they eat. In summary the scientific evidence suggests Peruvian parrots do not eat soil for grit but they do consume soil that provides an important source of dietary sodium and helps neutralize the plant toxins in their diet. In this article I provide data on the seasonal patterns of clay lick use by parrots at Tambopata Research Center. I then show how parrot “migrations,” breeding and diet may be interacting to produce these seasonal changes in lick use.
Study site  :The study was conducted at Tambopata Research Center an ecotourism lodge run by the Peruvian owned and operated company Rainforest Expeditions peru nature  chuncho . The site is in the southwestern Amazon peru nature  Basin at an elevation of 250 m above sea level and receives over 3000 mm of rain per year. The clay lick is about 500 m long and 20 to 30 meters high and is a formed by the erosion of the upper Tambopata River. The site has a weak dry season from April to September   in peru nature  chucnho .

Methods  : peru nature Clay lick use data was collected from February 2000 to November 2002. Observers arrived before sunrise and recorded the number of birds on the lick every 5 minutes. On 606 mornings the observers remained until the early morning rush of activity ended (7:00 – 7:30 AM), while on 280 days the observers remained until the late afternoon (4:30 PM or later). Additional data from 2003 have been collected and are currently being  peru  nature  chuncho .
processed.  Peru nature : Over 1000 bird censuses were conducted in the afternoons from January – December
2003 in the areas surrounding TRC. Censuses lasted 10 minutes each and were conducted at 20 different points in the forest. They were conducted in the afternoon at the time of minimum lick use so that birds moving to and from the clay lick would not unduly influence the counts of birds in the forest macaw clay  lick chuncho  peru nature . Scarlet macaw nests and chick growth were monitored in the forests around Tambopata Research Center from November 1999 to March 2003. In total 26 nests were monitored  and 24 chicks weighed and measured from hatching to fledging.  Crop samples were taken from Scarlet Macaw chicks from December 2003 – February 2004 following the protocol outlined by (Enkerlin-Hoeflich et al. 1999). A total of 29 samples were taken from chicks ranging in age from 20 to 80 days peru nature  chuncho .
Results and Discussion of the peru nature  : My assistants and I recorded 16 species of parrots, two guans and three pigeons on the clay lick during data collection, including: Green-winged, Scarlet, Blue and gold, Severe, Red-bellied and Blue-headed Macaws; Mealy, Yellow-crowned, Orange-cheeked (Barraband’s) Parrots; Blue-headed Pionus; White-bellied Caique; White-eyed and Dusky Conures; Amazonian peru nature chuncho  and Dusky-billed Parrotlet; and Cobalt-winged Parakeet. This includes the common parrot species at the site. On some days over 1,300 parrots were seen arriving at in the area of the lick. In total we logged over 300,000 records of parrots using the lick making this one of the world’s largest data sets on wild parrots. Lick use showed two marked seasons: a high season from August through January and a low season from February through July. These seasons did not match up with the changes from wet season to dry season. Instead I found that the birds’ lick use closely paralleled the abundance of birds in the forest recorded during the afternoon parrot censuses. In fact it looks like low lick use season may be due in part to the fact that many of the parrots “migrate” away from the area. The reason why the birds leave is unknown, but data from nearby Manu National Park  chuncho lodge peru nature suggest that the period of low lick use and parrot migration away from the area corresponds with a period of very low fruit availability (Terborgh 1983). This suggests that the birds may be leaving the area due to a general lack of food. To date I do not know where the parrots go upon departure. The high season of lick peru nature chuncho lodge use is apparently due to a mixture of factors. The birds return to the area probably due to an increase in the food supply or in anticipation of breeding or both. However there are marked differences among species in their peak month of lick use: Blue-headed Pionus (Pionus menstruus) peak in July while the three large macaws peak in January. Ten of the twelve species for which we have breeding data show their strongest peak in lick use during the breeding season. This suggests that some  physiological need during the breeding season is driving the birds to increase their consumption of soil. I have two hypotheses for the association between lick use and breeding that I will discuss here:

1.peru nature chuncho lodge.  Clay lick use increases during breeding because females need additional calcium to make the eggs.
2.peru nature chuncho lodge . Clay lick use increased during breeding because the adults need to feed clay to the chicks.
The data on the timing of breeding and clay lick use by Scarlet Macaws peru nature Chuncho lodge  shows that the  peak in lick use does not occur in November at the time of egg laying, thus making it unlikely that the birds are using the lick as a source of calcium. Instead lick use spikes in December just as the chicks hatch. However, lick use drops in February about one month  before the majority of the chicks fledge. This suggests that the annual peak lick use by Scarlet Macaws peru nature chuncho  is due in part to the parents’ need to feed clay to young chicks. This finding is corroborated by the food samples taken from the crops of chicks: chicks from 20 to 30 days old had soil in seven of eight samples collected while only one of eight samples collected from chicks over 50 days contained soil chuncho lodge  peru nature .

The reason why chicks need more soil during the first few weeks of life is unclear, but may be due to nutrient needs or low resistance to toxicity. Chick growth data collected from Tambopata peru nature chuncho lodge show that chicks grow very quickly when young and that their weight reaches that of adults (about 900 grams) by approximately 50 days of age. This suggests that the greatest nutritional needs of the chick are during these first 50 days. At all ages the parents are feeding the chicks a mix of seeds that probably contain reasonable quantities of toxins. While adult macaws and parrots have a very high resistance to toxins (as much as 50 times higher than adult humans for quinine, (Gilardi et al. 1999), the young chicks may have very low resistance to toxins. If chicks develop their natural resistance to toxins with age, this too could produce a pattern of lick use similar to that found here. The resolution of this dilemma awaits further detailed studies. In summary, clay lick use in southeastern Peru is highly seasonal. Most species show simultaneous annual lows in lick use during the end of the wet season and beginning of the dry season (April – June). At this time the birds apparently leave the area possibly in response to low food supplies in the area. Annual highs in lick use occur between July and February and differ among species. The peaks in lick use for most species studied coincide with breeding. In particular it seems that adults are feeding clay to their young chicks during the period of maximum growth and perhaps lowest resistance to natural toxins found in their die tchuncho lodge peru nature . .

 

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